Innovation drives progress. When it comes to innovation in the development of new drugs and therapeutic biological products, FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) supports the pharmaceutical industry at every step of the process. With its understanding of the science used to create new products, testing and manufacturing procedures, and the diseases and conditions that new products are designed to treat, CDER provides scientific and regulatory advice needed to bring new therapies to market.
The availability of new drugs and biological products often means new treatment options for patients and advances in health care for the American public. For this reason, CDER supports innovation and plays a key role in helping to advance new drug development.
Each year, CDER approves a wide range of new drugs and biological products:
Some of these products are innovative new products that never have been used in clinical practice. Below is a listing of new molecular entities and new therapeutic biological products approved by CDER in 2020. This listing does not contain vaccines, allergenic products, blood and blood products, plasma derivatives, cellular and gene therapy products, or other products approved in 2020 by the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research. Others are the same as, or related to, previously approved products, and they will compete with those products in the marketplace. See Drugs@FDA for information about all of CDER’s approved drugs and biological products.
Certain drugs are classified as new molecular entities (“NMEs”) for purposes of FDA review. Many of these products contain active moieties that have not been approved by FDA previously, either as a single ingredient drug or as part of a combination product; these products frequently provide important new therapies for patients. Some drugs are characterized as NMEs for administrative purposes, but nonetheless contain active moieties that are closely related to active moieties in products that have previously been approved by FDA. For example, CDER classifies biological products submitted in an application under section 351(a) of the Public Health Service Act as NMEs for purposes of FDA review, regardless of whether the Agency previously has approved a related active moiety in a different product. FDA’s classification of a drug as an “NME” for review purposes is distinct from FDA’s determination of whether a drug product is a “new chemical entity” or “NCE” within the meaning of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.
|No.||Drug Name||Active Ingredient||Approval Date||FDA-approved use on approval date*|
|17||Tabrecta||capmatinib||5/6/2020||To treat patients with non small cell lung cancer|
|16||Ongentys||opicapone||4/24/2020||To treat patients with Parkinson’s disease experiencing “off” episodes|
|15||Trodelvy||sacituzumab govitecan-hziy||4/22/2020||To treat adult patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer who received at least two prior therapies for metastatic disease||Press Release||Drug Trials Snapshot|
|14||Pemazyre||pemigatinib||4/17/2020||To treat certain patients with cholangiocarcinoma, a rare form of cancer that forms in bile ducts||Press Release||Drug Trials Snapshot|
|13||Tukysa||tucatinib||4/17/2020||To treat advanced unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer||Drug Trials Snapshot|
|12||Koselugo||selumetinib||4/10/2020||To treat neurofibromatosis type 1, a genetic disorder of the nervous system causing tumors to grow on nerves||Drug Trials Snapshot|
|11||Zeposia||ozanimod||3/25/2020||To treat relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis||Drug Trials Snapshot|
|10||Isturisa||osilodrostat||3/6/2020||To treat adults with Cushing’s disease who either cannot undergo pituitary gland surgery or have undergone the surgery but still have the disease||Press Release||Drug Trials Snapshot|
|9||Sarclisa||isatuximab||3/2/2020||To treat multiple myloma||Press Release||Drug Trials Snapshot|
|8||Nurtec ODT||rimegepant||2/27/2020||To treat migraine||Drug Trials Snapshot|
|7||Barhemsys||amisulpride||2/26/2020||To help prevent nausea and vomiting after surgery||Drug Trial Snapshot|
|6||Vyepti||eptinezumab-jjmr||2/21/2020||For the preventive treatment of migraine in adults||Drug Trials Snapshot|
|5||Nexletol||bempedoic acid||2/21/2020||To treat adults with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia or established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease who require additional lowering of LDL-C||Drug Trials Snapshot|
|4||Pizensy||lactitol||2/12/2020||To treat chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) in adults||Drug Trials Snapshot|
|3||Tazverik||tazemetostat||1/23/2020||To treat epithelioid sarcoma||Press Release||Drug Trials Snapshot|
|2||Tepezza||teprotumumab-trbw||1/21/2020||To treat Thyroid eye disease||Press Release||Drug Trials Snapshot|
|1||Ayvakit||avapritinib||1/9/2020||To treat adults with unresectable or metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST)||FDA Information|
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